Careers in Biology after +2

Compiled By Nidhi Trivedi, PGT ( Biology)


SKILLS NEEDED TO PURSUE BIOLOGY


•Investigative Skills

•Research / Quantitative Skills

•Analytical Skills

•To be thorough and pay attention to detail.

•Maths knowledge.

•Excellent written communication skills.

•The ability to work well with your hands.


MEDICAL Courses

• Doctor (MBBS)

•Dentist(BDS)

•VETERINARY SCIENCE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDARY

•Homeopathy

•Ayurvedic Medicine


PARAMEDICAL COURSES

•Pharmacy

•Nursing

•Physiotherapy

•Lab tecnology

•PROSTHETIC AND ORTHOTICS TECHNOLOGY

•Occupational therapy

•AUDIOLOGY AND SPEECH THERAPIST


Doctor

•MBBS (BACHELOR OF MEDICINE, BACHELOR OF SURGERY) .

•BDS (BACHELOR OF DENTAL SURGERY)

•BUMS (BACHELOR OF UNANI MEDICINE AND SURGERY)

•BHMS (BACHELOR OF HOMEOPATHIC MEDICINE AND SURGERY)


Note:

  • The admission is based on the marks scored in 12th science and entrance examination.

  • If you want to get into a private/Government Medical College, you must have scored good scores in those exams.

  • Here are some relevant medical entrance exams – NEET and AFMC MBBS

BDS (BACHELOR OF DENTAL SURGERY)

  • Like MBBS, in order to succeed and have a good career in this field, you one must be willing to do PG course also.

  • The duration of the course is 5 years.

  • A popular dentist will have more appointments and thus have a busy time!

VETERINARY SCIENCE AND ANIMAL HUSBANDARY

  • A doctor of animals

  • This trend is even catching up in big cities of taming pets.

  • Scope of starting up your own clinic/venture also is good.

  • Veterinary Science course- B.V.Sc. and AH Course.

PHARMACY

  • The course duration of B Pharm is 4 years and that of M Pharm is 2 years.

  • JOB PROFILE:Pharmaceuticals company or as a lecturer in Pharmacy colleges.

  • Government Jobs: Some examples of such jobs are- Drug Control department, Pharmacist in Government Hospitals etc.

VACCINATOR

  • Vaccination is a course that will help those with a background in biology understand the historical development of vaccination.

  • Assess the various types of vaccines used today, examine their production and explore the limitations that are placed on vaccination programmes.

PHARM D

  • Pharm. D. is a 6- year doctorate level course, including five years of academic study and a year of internship or residency.

  • The course aims to prepare eligible candidates students in the management of patient medication therapy and improving patient outcomes.

Top Institutes offering Pharm D are:

Eligibility Criteria & Fee

  • The basic eligibility criterion to apply for the course is a 10 + 2 or equivalent qualification from a recognized board and a qualified diploma in Pharmacy from any Pharm. D. College recognized by Pharmacy Council of India (PCI).

  • The average fee charged for the course in India ranges between INR 6 and 20 Lacs, varying across Institutes.

  • Various institutes accept score GPAT (Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test ) for the admission.

PROSTHETIC AND ORTHOTICS TECHNOLOGY

  • Orthotics and Prosthetics are the rapidly changing fields involving orthopaedic braces and artificial limbs.

  • The profession provides a vital service to the rehabilitation medicine community and to individuals with disabilities.

  • Institutes Offering This Course-

  • All India Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation,

  • Mumbai National Institute of Locomotor Disabilities, Kolkata

  • Christian Medical College, Vellore

  • Chakradhara Institute of Rehabilitation Sciences, Bhubaneshwar

  • ISHWAR Institute of Prosthetics and Orthotics, Chennai

DARK ROOM ASSISTANT


Darkroom Attendant processes x-ray film through the use of automatic developing machines or a mixture of chemicals and water. Reloads film and plate holders. Being a Darkroom Attendant ensures delivery of developed films to proper medical personnel.

  • It is a certificate course of one year and can be done after 10+2.

  • Institutes Offering this course:-

  • Madras medical college and Government general hospital- Chennai.

  • Stanley medical college, Chennai.

  • Job Description- This is skilled, technical work in darkroom operations.

  • Incumbents are responsible for developing, processing, loading, counting, printing, and duplicating film.

  • Other duties include routine maintenance of film equipment. Duties may be performed in total darkness. Supervision is evaluated by a technical superior and by the quality of films produced.

RADIOGRAPHERS

  • Radiography is a paramedical professional course, offered to individuals who will one day perform diagnostic tests in medical treatment with the use of radiation.

  • Someone who wants to pursue a B.Sc in Radiography should have completed Science (10+2) preferably with Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Maths.

  • The duration of the course is three years.You can also take up one-year certificate courses after 10+2 Science.

LAB TECHNICIANS


  • Medical Laboratory Technology or a clinical laboratory science helps diagnose, treat and prevent disease through clinical laboratory tests.

  • It is complementary to medical science.

  • It involves analysis of body matter such as fluid, tissue, and blood. It also covers micro-organism screening, chemical analyses, and cell count.

  • These professionals, medical lab technicians and technologists, play an important role in collecting information, sampling, testing, reporting and documenting medical investigations.

The three main courses available in medical laboratory technology are -

  • B.Sc. (MLT)

  • B. M. L. T. (Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology)

  • D. M. L. T. (Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology)

PHYSIOTHERAPIST

  • This course is also known by the short name- BPT.

  • Graduates will be able to find a job in sectors like- Gyms, Clinics, Schools & Colleges, Sport Teams and Organizations etc.

  • One may also start own private Physiotherapy practice.

  • This is a highly job oriented course.

  • The course duration is 4 years.

  • After completing the course, Graduates will be able to find a job in sectors like- Gyms, Clinics, Schools & Colleges, Sport Teams and Organizations etc. One may also start own private Physiotherapy practice.

OCCUPATIONAL THERAPIST


BOT (Bachelor of Occupational Therapy )

  • It deals with patients having physical, mental, emotional and neurological limitations.

  • It aims at improving the life, condition and rehabilitation of such handicapped and limited people through different modes of treatments such as- exercises, functional training, aiding devices and equipment, ergonomic training and environmental restructuring & adaptation.

AUDIOLOGY AND SPEECH THERAPIST

  • BASLP (BACHELOR OF AUDIOLOGY SPEECH LANGUAGE PATHOLOGY)

  • Graduates will be able to find a job in the following sectors- marketing of hearing implants, rehabilitation clinics (for people suffering from hearing disorders)

  • Clinics and Hospitals

  • Special Schools and Educational Institutes (for children suffering from hearing disorders) and

  • Hearing aid manufacturing industries.

Different Bachelor Courses for Biology Students

  • B.Sc. Biochemistry

  • B.Sc. Biology

  • B.Sc. Physics

  • B.Sc. Chemistry

  • B.Sc. Environmental Science

  • B.Sc. Biotechnology

  • B.Sc. Nursing

  • B.Sc. Occupational Therapy

  • B.Sc. Physiotherapy

  • B.Sc. Radiology

  • B.Sc. Bioinformatics

  • B.Sc. Anthropology

  • B.Sc. Microbiology

  • B.Sc. Zoology

  • B.Sc. Forensic Science

  • B.Sc. Agriculture

  • B.Sc. Pathology

  • B.Sc. Speech Therapy

  • B.F.Sc. (Fisheries Science)

  • B.Sc. Horticulture

  • B.Sc. Genetics

  • B.Sc. Health Science and Nutrition

  • B.Sc. Sports Science

  • B.Sc. Audiology

  • B.Sc. Botany

Exams for PCB students after 12th

  • A List of Exams for PCB Students:

  • Physics, Chemistry, Biology shortly known as PCB is one of the specializations that students opt for in their XI and XII standards. Here begins the journey of the career path that one chooses and paves way for the apt preparation towards all the entrance examinations. In this article, we list some competitive exams for PCB students

  • A student who has opted for PCB may choose to go into medicine or other related careers in physics, chemistry and biology. Alternately they may opt for a totally unrelated career such as the armed forces or fashion technology as well. Several doors are open and it is purely left to the choice of the individual to decide which one to open.

  • Let us have a look at all the possible exams for PCB students.

  • There are a host of national and state level engineering exams for PCB students such as:

  • COMED-K – For engineering students, COMED-K is an entrance test for colleges that come under Visvesvaraya Technological University (VTU) in Karnataka state

  • IPU-CET – Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test (IPU CET) is a university level undergraduate engineering entrance exam conducted by Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University (GGSIPU).

  • Manipal, VITEEE, AMU – Entrance conducted by deemed universities


Medicine

  • All India Pre Medical Test (AIPMT), as the name suggests is the preliminary medical entrance exam that lasts for a 3 hour duration, having 200 objective type questions from Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

  • Selection of candidates will be based on the cut-off.

  • AIIMS Entrance for MBBS is a paper-based test of 3 ½ hours duration. It has 200 multiple-choice and reason-assertion type questions.

  • There are 60 questions each from Physics, Chemistry and Biology and 20 questions from General Knowledge.

  • There is negative marking for incorrect answers. After the declaration of the result a final list for counselling is prepared based on merit.

  • The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test or NEET is an entrance examination for students who wish to study any graduate medical, dental or postgraduate course in government or private medical colleges in India.

  • AIPGMEE (ALL INDIA POST GRADUATE MEDICAL/DENTAL ENTRANCE EXAM) is conducted by AIIMS for admission under 50% seats quota in various postgraduate (MD/ MS/ Diploma/ MDS) courses in medical and dental colleges in the country run by the Union of India, State governments (except government of Andhra Pradesh and J&K).

  • Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC) entrance: This is primarily for AFMC, Pune, where the students have a liability to serve as commissioned officers in the Armed Forces Medical Services for seven years on graduation.

  • BHU-PMT (Pre-Medical Test) is held annually for admission to various Bachelors’ courses in medicine which include MBBS, BDS, BAMS and BPharm from Banaras Hindu University.

  • Christian Medical College Vellore, which is affiliated to the Tamil Nadu Dr. MGR Medical University, Chennai, holds an all-India entrance test (CMC Vellore Common Entrance Test) every year to select students for admission into various undergraduate level medical and paramedical courses.

  • JAWAHARLAL INSTITUTE OF POST GRADUATE MEDICAL EDUCATION AND RESEARCH (JIPMER) is located in Puducherry and conducts a separate entrance test for admission to its MBBS course. It has 100 seats in MBBS and out of this admission to 82 seats is through JIPMER entrance.

  • Dr. M.G.R. University’s Faculty of Medical Sciences is an important department in the university and has a huge intake of students each year.


Source:

  1. entrance.apnaahangout.com

  2. https://www.toppr.com/bytes/choosing-a-career-personality/

  3. https://www.toppr.com/exams/afmc/

  4. https://www.apnaahangout.com/physiotherapy-bpt-course/

  5. https://collegedunia.com/exams/gpat


Note: You may also be interested to know about careers in the following subjects.

Careers in English Language & Literature

Careers in Economics

Careers in Chemistry

Careers in Commerce

Careers in Maths

Careers in Physics

Careers in Biology



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